dinsdag 8 december 2009

Europese Unie wordt wakker over Jerusalem

De EU heeft besloten dat er over de status van Jerusalem onderhandeld moet worden.
De verklaring gaat wel over de hoodstad van twee volkeren, maar verder gaat het niet.
Men zag in dat de bemiddelaarsrol van de EU voor heel lang uitgespeeld zou zijn als men verder zou zijn gegaan bij de besluitvorming.
Een merkwaardige toevoeging is wel:
De EU zal geen veranderingen erkennen van de situatie van voor 1967 met betrekking tot Jerusalem.
Dat is vrijwel onmogelijk: voor 1967 was Oost-Jerusalem van Jordanie dat het had veroverd in 1948 uit het Mandaat-gebied van de Engelsen.
Dat was tegen de VN-afspraak van 1947, want Jerusalem zou internationaal gebied worden.
Van een Palestijnse staat was voor 1967 geen sprake, sterker nog: Jordanie had de mogelijkheid die staat in te stellen op het gebied dat het veroverd had in 1948, maar annexeerde het gebied in plaats daarvan.
Jordanie deed afstand van de West Bank ver nadat het bij de zesdaagse oorlog van 1967 het gebied verloren had.
De islamitische heilige plaatsen in Oost-Jerusalem bleven onder beheer van Jordanie nadat Israel Jerusalem veroverd en herenigd had.
Wat is dus de situatie van voor 1967?
Het meest waarschijnlijk is dat  Oost-Jerusalem Jordaans was, dat Jordanie afstand deed en dat Oost-Jerusalem misschien internationaal zou moeten worden. Dat is dan niet de hoofdstad van een Palestijnse staat.
Kortom: als de EU Oost-Jerusalem als hoofdstad van een Palestijnse staat wil zien zal het af moeten zien van de status die voor 1967 bestond.
Misschien dat de EU nog half steeds slaapt.
 
MS
 
 
 
Last update - 00:00 08/12/2009
EU ministers call for talks on status of Jerusalem

By Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondent, and Reuters


European Union foreign ministers on Tuesday called for negotiations over the status of Jerusalem, saying a way should be found to make it the capital of two nations, Israel and a future Palestinian state.

Sweden, which currently holds the European Union presidency, presented a draft document last week supporting the division of Jerusalem and the recognition of East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state.

"If there is to be a genuine peace, a way must be found through negotiations to resolve the status of Jerusalem as the future capital of two states," EU foreign ministers agreed in a statement released on Tuesday, diplomats said.


The status of Jerusalem - a city holy to three religions - is a sensitive issue for Israel, which considers the city to be its indivisible capital. Palestinians want the eastern part of Jerusalem to serve as the capital of a Palestinian state.

Israel has strongly objected to the Swedish draft resolution that does not recognize Israel's claims to the eastern part of the city. Israel's Foreign Ministry warned the move would damage the EU's ability to be a Mideast mediator.

"The EU will not recognize any changes to the pre-1967 borders, including with regard to Jerusalem," said the EU ministerial draft. It referred to the Six-Day War in which Israel captured east Jerusalem from the Jordanian army.

The document also called for the establishment of a Palestinian state comprising the West Bank, Gaza and east Jerusalem. "If there is to be [peace] a way has to be found to resolve the status of Jerusalem as the capital of two states," it said.

The competing claims to East Jerusalem remain the most intractable issue in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Last week, Israel sternly warned the EU against adopting new language that endorses East Jerusalem as the capital of a Palestinian state.

The draft rleased Tuesday said the ministers are "deeply concerned about the situation in East Jerusalem" and urged both sides to avoid what it called "provocative actions."

Most EU ministers appeared supportive of the latest draft, although some said the declaration should not antagonize either party in the dispute at the risk of undermining efforts to restart peace talks.

"I don't really understand why Israel does not accept that Palestine consists of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem," Luxembourg's Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn told journalists. "The Israelis have a right to live in Israel, the Palestinians have a right to live in Palestine."

Finish Foreign Minister Alexander Stubb said the EU must affirm its stand on the status of Jerusalem and insist that Israel must not resume settlement building.

"The EU has very strong principles and we have to stick to those principles," Stubb said. "I think the negotiations, the peace process must simply start and this is a way forward."

The EU foreign ministers also praised Israel's decision to a 10-month freeze in construction in West Bank settlements, calling it a "step in the right direction." They added, however, that a comprehensive settlement to the Arab-Israel conflict requires a regional approach.

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