maandag 4 januari 2010

ondanks blokkade van Israel voldoende geld aanwezig in Gaza

Hamas heeft een begroting voor dit jaar goedgekeurd van 540 miljoen dollar.
Daarbij zit inbegrepen 60 miljoen via locale belastingen! Kennelijk komt er genoeg geld Gaza binnen, ook bij burgers, ondanks de blokkade. Het meeste geld komt cash van Iran en vervolgens via Egypte door de smokkeltunnels binnen.
Via Israel komen alleen humanitaire hulp en de meest basale zaken binnen.
In het budget van Hamas zit: betaling van 32000 werknemers onder wie de mensen van de veiligheidsdiensten.
Bovendien deelt Hamas ook nog eens 30 miljoen uit aan Arabische inwoners van Jerusalem en islamitische doelen in de stad.
Hoe dat geld daar komt is niet bekend!
Echter een bijdrage aan de betalingen van Hamas, die volledig ontbreekt op de begroting, bestaat uit de enorme bijdragen van de VN, die talloze scholen en klinieken runt en betaalt en daarbij nog eens een miljoen mensen van noodhulp als voedsel voorziet. 
Er dreigt echter een probleem voor de begroting: de ijzeren muur op de grens van Egypte bedreigt de "economie" zowel van Gaza als van de Egyptische bevolking aan de grens met Gaza en de Bedoeienen. Hiertegen protesteert de Hamasregering dan ook fel in Cairo.
Men doet dat onder het mom dat Egypte in opdracht van Israel de grens afsluit, maar men bedoelt dat de blokkade zo echt effectief wordt.
Hamas approves $540 million budget
Hamas parliament in Gaza passes government budget for 2010, with up to $60 stemming from local taxes, remainder coming from 'gifts, outside assistance'
Associated Press
Published:  01.02.10
Gaza's Hamas parliament approved a government budget of $540 million for 2010, legislators said Saturday, suggesting that a tight border blockade isn't stopping the cash flow to the Islamic group.
Up to $60 million stems from local taxes and the rest from "gifts and outside assistance," said legislator Jamal Nassar. Iran is believed to be one of Hamas' main financial backers, with cash assistance hauled through smuggling tunnels under Gaza's border with Egypt.
Nassar and fellow lawmaker Yehia Moussa refused to provide a detailed breakdown of the spending plan, and it was impossible to verify that Hamas indeed has $540 million at its disposal.
However, a border blockade by Israel and Egypt - first imposed in 2006 and tightened after Hamas overran Gaza a year later - has not weakened the militants. With only humanitarian aid and a few basic items entering Gaza through border crossings, the tunnels are the main supply line for cash, weapons and a wide range of commercial goods.
The Hamas government has about 32,000 people on its payroll, including civil servants and members of the security forces. About $30 million of the budget would go to Arab residents of Jerusalem and Islamic sites in the city, Nassar said, without explaining how the money would reach its destination.
The budget was passed by parliament Thursday, without an immediate announcement.
In adopting a separate spending plan, Hamas further cemented the rift with the West Bank, run by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Hamas seized control of Gaza in 2007, leaving Abbas' rival Fatah movement in charge only of the West Bank.
Palestinians want both territories, which flank Israel, to become their future state.
The Abbas government's budget for 2009 was $2.78 billion, funded in large part by foreign aid. Abbas' Palestinian Authority continues to pay the salaries for tens of thousands of Gaza civil servants and security officers who were sent home after the Hamas takeover. It also pays for fuel to run Gaza's power plant and supports hospitals and schools.
The Hamas government is also relieved of much responsibility because the United Nations runs dozens of schools, health clinics and gives food aid to around 1 million Gazans.
Anger in Sinai: Less Gaza smuggling – fewer jobs
Thousands of young Egyptians earn a living from smuggling into Strip. Now Egypt's construction of steel wall along border is causing anger among Bedouins who fear loss of easy income
Doron Peskin
Published:  12.31.09
The steel wall Egypt is installing along the border of the Gaza Strip is provoking the rage of the Hamas leadership which exchanged harsh words with the government in Cairo. Hamas asserts that this steel bulwark is intended to serve the security interests of Israel.
However, apart from the political issue, the construction has significant economic implications, including a risk to profits for the tunnel smugglers from both sides. This point is causing anger against the construction at the Rafah border also among the Bedouin residents of the Sinai, who fear that they will lose an easy source of income they have enjoyed since Hamas came to power.
Egyptian newspaper al-Youm al-Sabe'a has spotlighted this issue and the negative economic implications expected to affect the Sinai Bedouins as a result of the Egyptian project.
According to evidence collected by the newspaper, in recent years thousands of young Egyptians have earned a living directly or indirectly through smuggling into Gaza, a trade valued at a little under a billion dollars.
Residents of Egyptian Rafah wonder at the reports of the Gaza siege, and claim that their situation isn’t much better. Unemployment rates are high and jobs are scarce, which has led thousands to work in jobs connected with the tunnel smuggling.
For example, a young man interviewed by the newspaper claimed that he could earn between 50 and 100 Egyptian pounds (10-20 dollars) per day by smuggling.
Jobs include the smuggling itself, but also various connected tasks, such as looking out for the approach of Egyptian security forces and warning the smugglers if necessary. Rafah residents claim that now, with the expected decline in smuggling, the young people will sit idle in the cafes, or turn to some other illegal trade.
Moreover, property owners in Rafah made a tidy profit from the smuggling. It has been estimated that around 3,000 houses in Rafah have been used as "warehouses" while the tenants have turned into employees of the smugglers just by becoming the managers of these warehouses.
Others who will find their profits decline as a result of the steel installation include the fuel station owners in the Sinai, as well as those working in transportation, meat and fish merchants, and spare parts dealers.
Rafah residents claim that the steel now being put into place by Egyptian engineers will compel President Hosni Mubarak to contend with increasing unemployment and frustration in the Sinai. This may lead Mubarak to open a regulated border crossing at Rafah, something he has opposed till now due to Hamas' insistence on keeping Fatah representatives out

Geen opmerkingen:

Een reactie posten